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Question 1 of 30

3.3334 Points

The part of the limbic system that is essential for unconscious emotional responses is the __________.

A. corpus callosum

B. cingulated gyrus

C. amygdala

D. hippocampus

Question 2 of 30

3.3334 Points

Chastity and Shane are fraternal twins, born 17 minutes apart. They go through many of life’s trials and tribulations together, but if their developmental schedules hold true to average, Chastity will start going through her pubescent development approximately ___________ her brother.

A. at the same time as

B. 5 years earlier than

C. 3 years later than

D. 2 years earlier than

Question 3 of 30

3.3334 Points

The __________ system is to boys as the _________ system is to girls.

A. Wolffian; Müllerian

B. Stausberg; Flynn

C. Müllerian; Wolffian

D. Flynn; Stausberg

Question 4 of 30

3.3334 Points

The nucleus __________ is an area of the brain underneath the frontal cortex that is involved in experiencing pleasure. Stimulation of this area in depressed people releases dopamine and triggers smiling and laughing.

A. cureleus

B. accumbens

C. abducens

D. chiasm

Question 5 of 30

3.3334 Points

On one episode of the popular television comedy Friends, Rachel ran into some of her old sorority sisters. Even though she was only mildly happy to see these friends, she squealed with glee, ran to them, hugged, and jumped up and down in a foolishly comedic moment. Rachel’s behavior here is an example of __________.

A. intensification

B. masking

C. deintensification

D. magnification

Question 6 of 30

3.3334 Points

The __________ component of emotion refers to a heightened bodily reaction to a stimulus.

A. cognitive

B. biological

C. expressive

D. physiological

Question 7 of 30

3.3334 Points

Emily is camping in the woods when suddenly a bear comes out from behind a tree. At the same time as she becomes aware of how terrified she is, her face takes on a mask of fear, and her heart begins to race as she gets ready to run away. Which theory of emotions explains how the different components of emotions can happen simultaneously?

A. Zajonc mere exposure theory

B. Schachter and Singer two-factor theory

C. James-Lange theory

D. Cannon-Bard theory

Question 8 of 30

3.3334 Points

Some theorists have suggested that the aggressive nature of men contributes to their overrepresentation in leadership positions in groups such as juries or governments. In fact, approximately ___% of the world’s governing parliament seats were held by men in 2005.

A. 62

B. 73

C. 95

D. 84

Question 9 of 30

3.3334 Points

Which of the following pubescent developmental changes in girls help to prepare their bodies for childbirth?

A. The development of pubic hair and the start of menstruation.

B. The increase in physical height and the enlargement of the uterus.

C. The widening of hips and the growth of breasts.

D. The development of facial hair and the lowering of the voice.

Question 10 of 30

3.3334 Points

If you were to place your best friend in the middle of a dark room and then turn on the lights, his or her reaction might depend on what they saw. If they saw a knife-wielding killer coming at them, they might label this as threatening and experience fear. If they saw 20 best friend throwing confetti and yelling “Happy Birthday,” they might label this as happy and then experience joy. The need to assess our surroundings before knowing what kind of emotion to feel is the basis of the __________ theory of emotions.

A. James-Lange

B. Cannon-Bard

C. Schachter and Singer two-factor

D. Lazarian emotional wheel

Question 11 of 30

3.3334 Points

Part of the __________ cortex tends to be thicker in adult men, while part of the __________ cortex tends to be thicker in adult women.

A. frontal; occipital

B. parietal; frontal

C. occipital; temporal

D. temporal; parietal

Question 12 of 30

3.3334 Points

According to research, who is better at flirting, men or women?

A. men

B. men, but only when they are with their friends

C. women

D. women, but only when they are with their friends

Question 13 of 30

3.3334 Points

The first widely known transsexual was former U.S. Army soldier Christine Jorgensen who traveled to __________ to have sexual reassignment surgery in the 1950s.

A. Paris

B. Denmark

C. London

D. Australia

Question 14 of 30

3.3334 Points

Some people believe that if you are angry you should express your feelings, because getting the emotions “out” will help them to go away faster. According to the work of Ekman and Friesen, what do you know about this belief?

A. They found that expressing emotions seems to intensify, not diminish, how we feel them.

B. They found that expression of anger only helps if the expression is aggressive. Healthy aggression, like pounding nails into a board or hitting a punching bag, is the best therapy for reducing anger.

C. They found that expressing emotions simply spreads them to others, but does not intensify or diminish them for ourselves.

D. They found that expressing anger does, in fact, help it to go away since it is no longer bottled up inside.

Question 15 of 30

3.3334 Points

Which of the following is a reliable predictor of happiness?

A. Parenthood

B. Optimism

C. Higher education levels

D. Physical attractiveness

Question 16 of 30

3.3334 Points

Which of the following subtypes of schizophrenia is marked by delusions of grandeur and persecution, often accompanied by hallucinations?

A. Catatonic

B. Psychotic

C. Paranoid

D. Disorganized

Question 17 of 30

3.3334 Points

Aliya has been suffering from changes in her mood recently. She goes from a “normal” mood state to a mildly elevated mood where she seems to be more creative and energetic. She is still able to function when these elevations in mood occur, but they do seem odd given her history of being a very even and level person. Aliya is experiencing bouts of __________.

A. mania

B. rapid cycling

C. dysthymia

D. hypomania

Question 18 of 30

3.3334 Points

Guadalupe suffers from stress-induced migraines. Whenever she has a particularly bad day at work, she can count on having terrible pain that evening, accompanied by nausea, light-sensitivity, and visual disturbances. Because her symptoms are easily associated with specific psychological stressors, Guadalupe’s migraines are an example of a(n) __________ disorder.

A. somatoform

B. hypochondriacal

C. conversion

D. psychophysiological

Question 19 of 30

3.3334 Points

Barbara suffers from alcoholism, but has been “clean and sober” for over a year. Yesterday she found out that her mother has a terminal disease, and she also found out that her company is downsizing and that she may lose her job, leaving her in very serious financial jeopardy. These distressing events that might lead Barbara back to having a drink would be considered __________ causes.

A. premorbid

B. precipitating

C. perpetuating

D. predisposing

Question 20 of 30

3.3334 Points

Even though hassles are thought of as minor inconveniences that lead to a small amount of stress, research suggests that they can build up and cause significant psychological or physical symptoms. In addition, the presence of __________ factors like living in an impoverished or high-crime neighborhood can compound the effect of hassles on an individual.

A. occupational

B. socioeconomic

C. educational

D. atypical

Question 21 of 30

3.3334 Points

Dr. Rogers is a psychologist who utilizes the __________ approach in psychotherapy. He concentrates on observable actions that can be directly measured and recorded. He would be likely to use the theories of learning to help bring about positive, therapeutic change in clients.

A. psychoanalytic

B. cognitive

C. humanistic

D. behavioral Reset Selection

Question 22 of 30

3.3334 Points

One of the problems with substance abuse and dependence is that people with these difficulties often continue using their drug of choice to avoid withdrawal symptoms, rather than specifically to achieve the high that the drug brings. This consequence of a person’s disorder is called a __________ cause, because it keeps the disorder going once it has started.

A. predisposing

B. premorbid

C. perpetuating

D. precipitating

Question 23 of 30

3.3334 Points

Almost ___% of Americans report experiencing frequent stress, with the same number reporting occasional stress in their live

A. 95

B. 70

C. 55

D. 40 Reset Selection

Question 24 of 30

3.3334 Points

Which of the following psychological illnesses is diagnosed more in men than in women?

A. Schizophrenia

B. Phobias

C. Antisocial personality disorder

D. Obsessive-compulsive disorder Reset S

Question 25 of 30

3.3334 Points

A(n) __________ strategy is a strategy that helps a person reduce or minimize the effects of stressors.

A. reactive

B. adaptive

C. defense

D. coping Res

Question 26 of 30

3.3334 Points

The _____ of the brain is to positive emotions as the ____ of the brain is to negative emotions.

A. parietal lobe; frontal lobe

B. right hemisphere; left hemisphere

C. frontal lobe; parietal lobe

D. left hemisphere; right hemisphere Reset SelectionQuestion 27 of 30

Question 27 of 30

3.3334 Points

According to the DSM-IV-TR, approximately ___% of individuals will develop generalized anxiety disorder at some point in their lives.

A. 1

B. 3

C. 5

D. 10 Reset Selection

Question 28 of 30

3.3334 Points

Sam has recently returned from a tour of duty overseas. While he was stationed abroad, he saw a fair share of combat, including the death of three of his fellow platoon-mates. Sam has been having several symptoms since he returned, including sleeplessness, irritability, flashbacks, and a loss of interest in being around his friends and family. Which of the following diagnoses would be most appropriate for Sam’s condition?

A. Generalized anxiety disorder

B. Panic disorder

C. Post-traumatic stress disorder

D. Obsessive-compulsive disorder Reset Selection

Question 29 of 30

3.3334 Points

In __________-focused coping, an individual will attempt to alleviate stress by avoiding the stressor and soothing stress-related emotions.

A. cognitive

B. emotion

C. withdrawal

D. escape

Question 30 of 30

3.3334 Points

Which of the following psychological conditions would not be charted on Axis I of a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis?

A. Mental retardation, mild

B. Hypochondriasis

C. Anorexia nervosa, non-purging type

D. Agoraphobia

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